Two ants head to head on a tree trunk


An estimated 20,000 species of ants exist in the world. All ants live in colonies and have a structured social system, with different castes - worker, soldier, queen and drone - all of which carry out specific tasks for the colony. Only the queen and the males she mates with on her maiden flight will reproduce. All the workers and soldiers are sterile females.

Did you know?
Only half the estimated 20,000 species of ant have been documented.

Scientific name: Formicidae

Rank: Family

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