Glowworm hauling prey into a nest

Fungus gnats

There are four species of fungus gnat in the genus Arachnocampa. They spend up to a year as larvae, then pupate into adult flies, mate, lay eggs and die. One species is known as the the New Zealand glowworm in its larval form. The caves inhabited by the glowworms have become a popular tourist attraction.

Scientific name: Arachnocampa

Rank: Genus

Common names:

Fungus gnat glowworms

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Discover what these behaviours are and how different plants and animals use them.

Trapping predator Trapping predator
Trapping predators perform a particular type of ambush that involves constructing something to help them catch their prey before they pounce on it. For example, spiders construct webs and fungus gnats dangle a lure of sticky silk to ensnare other organisms.

Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web


  1. Life
  2. Animals
  3. Arthropods
  4. Insects
  5. Flies
  6. Mycetophilidae
  7. Fungus gnats

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