An Asian elephant

Asian elephant

Asian elephants are smaller than their African counterparts, most easily noted in their ear size. They are more readily tamed than African elephants and have been used as beasts of burden for centuries. Despite their size, their charge speed can reach nearly 50kmph. Wild bulls are solitary, while cows and calves live in small herds. Though the adult Asian elephant has no natural predators, there are only around 50,000 left in the wild.

Scientific name: Elephas maximus

Rank: Species

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Map showing the distribution of the Asian elephant taxa

Species range provided by WWF's Wildfinder.

The Asian elephant can be found in a number of locations including: Asia, China, Indian subcontinent. Find out more about these places and what else lives there.


The following habitats are found across the Asian elephant distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.

Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web

Conservation Status


  1. EX - Extinct
  2. EW
  3. CR - Threatened
  4. EN - Threatened
  5. VU - Threatened
  6. NT
  7. LC - Least concern

Population trend: Decreasing

Year assessed: 2008

Classified by: IUCN 3.1


  1. Life
  2. Animals
  3. Vertebrates
  4. Mammals
  5. Proboscidea
  6. Elephants
  7. Elephas
  8. Asian elephant

BBC News about Asian elephant