Grizzly bear standing in river looking for fish

Brown bear

Brown bears are some of the largest carnivores on Earth. They hunt alone except during seasonal spectacles such as salmon spawning which causes large numbers of bears to gather together. As well as fish, these fearsome predators can bring down moose, elk and even black bears. Brown bears spend nearly half their lives underground in a state of hibernation. Females even give birth and nurse a litter underground during the winter months, although they will lose a staggering 40% of their body weight in the process.

Scientific name: Ursus arctos

Rank: Species

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Map showing the distribution of the Brown bear taxa

Species range provided by WWF's Wildfinder.

The Brown bear can be found in a number of locations including: Asia, China, Europe, Himalayas, North America, Russia. Find out more about these places and what else lives there.


The following habitats are found across the Brown bear distribution range. Find out more about these environments, what it takes to live there and what else inhabits them.

Additional data source: Animal Diversity Web

Conservation Status

Least Concern

  1. EX - Extinct
  2. EW
  3. CR - Threatened
  4. EN - Threatened
  5. VU - Threatened
  6. NT
  7. LC - Least concern

Population trend: Stable

Year assessed: 2008

Classified by: IUCN 3.1

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